The Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful and romantic monuments in the World. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, attracting more than six million tourists a year. Anywhere in the world, when the name of India comes, the first thing that people ask is Taj Mahal. It is a symbol of India.
Description of Taj Mahal
The four sides of the Taj Mahal are perfectly identical creating an astonishingly mirrored image on each side. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and symmetry of architectural elements. The Taj Mahal is surrounded by significant gardens and a number of other buildings including a mosque and guest houses which make up the 17 hectares of land within the complex walls.
History of Taj Mahal
Who built it : Shah Jahan, 5th Emperor of the Mughal Dynasty
Why was it built : As a memorial to Shah Jahan’s beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal after her death in 1631
When was it built : Between 1632 and 1653 AD
Time taken : 21 years
Dimensions : Situated in a 170000 sq. m complex; 57 m at the base; 68 m in height and raised platform height 6 m
Materials used : White Marble for the main mausoleum, Red Sandstone for fortifying structure and accents. More than 1,000 elephants were employed to transport the construction materials used to build the Taj.
Architectural Style : Mughal
Architect : Ustad Ahmed Lahori
Cost of Construction : 32 crore rupees
Maintained By : Archeological Survey of India (ASI)
Special Recognitions : Declared UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983 and winner of the New7Wonders of The World List Initiative between 2000 and 2007.
Where is it located : Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
See About- Nearest Hotel and Restaurant of Taj Mahal
How to Reach Taj Mahal
Agra can be reached by air as well as land. The city has an airport, Kheria Air Force Station, which is catered by daily flights from all over India through multiple airlines. By land one can avail bus, train and private cars from the nearest metro cities like Delhi (176.7 km), Jaipur (219.7 km), and Lucknow (289.5 km). Within the Agra city one can avail auto, cycle rickshaw and taxies to reach the monument.
Visiting Time and Entry Fee of Taj Mahal
Visit Timing : Sunrise to Sunset; Closed on Saturdays; Night tours are permitted between 8:30 pm to 12:30 am for a limited duration of 30 mins.
Entry Fee : Foreign citizens are charged Rs. 1000, Citizens of SAARC and BIMSTEC Countries are charged Rs. 530, Indian citizens Rs. 40 and entry for children upto 15 years of age is free.